HOMELAND of the NABINGER / NOVINGER FAMILY
Prior to the time of Christ the area was settled by Celtic tribes. Then in the first century BC, the Roman Empire made the region part of its province of Belgica. Roman rule ended in the 5th century when the Franconians conquered the territory. The region was then divided into several small territories ruled by sovereigns of adjoining regions. But over more than 1000 years, the Saarland gained a wide range of independence.
Then the region was conquered in 1792 by the armies of the French Revolution and made a part of the French republic. France incorporated Saarland into their Department de la Sarre (After the Sarre, or Saar, River that runs through the area on its way to the Rhine River.). After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 the area was divided into 3 areas ruled by the Prussian Rhine Province, the Kingdom of Bavaria, and the Duke of Oldenburg. And then after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 the Germany Empire was founded and the Saar Region became part of the country we have since known as Germany.
After the World War I, beginning in 1920, the Saarland was occupied and administered by France under a 15 year League of Nations mandate. As a foreign occupied region of Germany, toward the end of this mandate Saarland became haven for anti-Nazi political opponents. But in 1935 a plebiscite voted in favor of rejoining Germany and a Nazi, Josef Burchel as appointed the German Reich's commissioner for reintegration of Saarland. After World War II Saarland again came under French occupation as the Saar Protectorate. In 1954 France and Germany signed an accord establishing an independent Saarland, but a plebiscite held on October 23, 1955, rejected independence and in favor of joining the Federal Republic of Germany. With the signing of the Saar Treaty on October 27, 1956, Saarland was joined to Germany.
One interesting provision of the Saar Treaty established French as the required first foreign language taught in Saarland schools. Since 1971 Saarland has been a member of SaarLorLux, a euroregion created from Saarland, Lorraine, Luxembourg, Rhineland Palatinate, and Wallonia.
The residents of Saarland once spoke a German dialect known as Rhine-Franconian, with many imported French based words.